Lednum

My study blog

Problems facing South Africa

Posted by lednum on September 28, 2006

the government has attempted to deal with crime in many ways :

-The firearm control act 2005,made it harder for citzens to carry weapons.

-This act took place due to all weapons now having to be registered every two years.

-Police budget has grown in attempt to attract more police candidates. This was effective resulting in the growth of officers from 119,560 in 2002 to 156,760 in 2006.

– A new elite force has been introduced known as “scorpion”   in an attempt to tackle organised crime.

Evidence to show that the government have been effective in dealing with crime is:

-murder rates have decreased, as in 1996 rates were at a high 85 per 100,000, in 2001 this figure dramitically decreasd to 48 per 100,000.

-The rape and attempted murder rate ecreased, in 1995 the attempted murder rate was at a threatening 68.1%, however, in 2004 this dropped to more comfortable 42.7%

Despite the factors discussed it could also be argued that South Africa has made no progress.

-South Africa still maintains its reputation as the country with the 2nd highest murder rate in the world.

-percentage of muder rates has increased in Western Cape from 84.3% in 1995 to 84.8% in 2003.

Moreover, the government has also tried to deal with problems of ill health in South Africa.

-The government has introduced the primary health care programme to improve inequalities in health issues.The care is free and is provided at public primary health care facilities , these practices take place in both urban and rural areas.

-in addition, in 2005, the world health organisation was established in an attempt to eradicate polio and measels.

-the government has also hace a large majority of male and female condoms.

To show the government has been effective in dealing with health problems they have:

-progress has been made as their is now asleast one service point in every health district in South Africa.

-700 primary health centres were built between 1994-2004, which has been significant in improving ill health problems.

However there is still room for improvement as the total life expectancy for both males and females has decreased from 51 years in 2001 to 47.1 in 2005.

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