Lednum

My study blog

The importance of South Africas land reform policy to social and economic progress

Posted by lednum on October 4, 2006

the government introduced a number of policies to deal with problems faced by land:

-Land reform policy gave compensation for those who lost their land because of apartheid laws.

-redistribution of productive land to those who were disadvantaged.

 -new land-holding rights were to be established

Progress which the government has made includes:

-progress has been slow and targets have been unrealistic.

-the redistribution of agricultural land within 5 years was totally unrealistic, and the revised target date seems unlikely to be reached with the recent lack of progress.

Furthermore, the government have also introduced health policies:

-free immunisation for undr 6s.

-polio and measels immunisation campaign.

these policies have been quite successful:

-700 new primary health care centres built.

-2002-270 million condoms distributed ,2003- 302 million condoms distributed.

-infant mortality rate – 2001- 53.8 per 100.000

                                         2005-53.6 per 100.000

in addition, the government has also introduced policies for affirmative action.

Employment equity act, 1998 set up a directorate called “equal opportunites to ensure organisations “demographically represent” the correct balance of work force is 75% black,52% female and 5% disabled.

It has also been shown that affirmative action was significant to social and economic progress.

– The employment equity act 1998…………………

 despite the factors discussed,progress made by affirmative action :

-has resulted in the creation of the black middle class.

-in 1994 only 29% of blacks belonged to the middle class where as in 2000 49% of blacks were regardedas middle class,this has resulted in a loss of talent, wealth and role models from townships.

the points above display the success of land,health and affirmative action policies and how they are were put into action.The new black middle class has affectively been created by affirmative action.

Affirmative action

South Africa’s version of affirmative action, a plan as controversial here as it is in the United States, could soon become law in this black majority country.

The “employment equity” measure moving its way through parliament would give “preferences to people on the basis of race and ultimately require racial quotas,” says Anthea Jeffery of the South African Institute of Race Relations.

South Africa’s economy is still carved up between a few giant conglomerates, mainly controlled by whites, but four years after historic all-race elections black-owned firms are making gains.

To push that transition into the white-owned ranks and make up for the wrongs of the apartheid era, President Nelson Mandela’s government backs a plan in which black South Africans “would need to constitute 69 percent of the workforce at all levels from the top down,” says Jeffery.

Even without a new law, more and more South African blacks are filling white- collar jobs. But many feel not enough is being done. As one member of Mandela’s African National Congress party said in parliament recently: “The shop floor is black and the boardrooms are white. This is the reality of South Africa.”

It’s a reality the government is determined to change. The job equity measure is designed to prevent discrimination, provide for affirmative action and bridge the wage gap between management and workers

                                                                                  

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One Response to “The importance of South Africas land reform policy to social and economic progress”

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