My study blog

Members of parliament

Posted by lednum on October 22, 2006

How M.Ps might face divided loyalties in their job

to individual constituents,especially those who voted for them, to their local constituencies, to their party, to the region and to the nation, to individual conscience and to ideological beliefs.

The difference between frontbench and backbench M.Ps

the differences between frontbench M.Ps and backbench M.Ps are that frontbenchers are members of her majesties government and the opposition. Backbenchers are the parties  supporters who do not hold office. Backbenchers are also known as private members.

How the whip system operates

the whip system consists of a chief whip and a member of assistant whips who are responsible for what they call party management and other people usually call party discipline.Te chief whip is also an important link in the chain of communication between the parties front- and backbenchers and can relay to the cabinet the mood of the government party.

why is the withdrawal of the whip a serios matter for an M.P

it happens due to M.Ps failing to turn up to vote or by voting against party instructions. If M.Ps have the whip withdrawen it effectively means their party disowns them and they serve the rest of that term as independent.

The main ways in which backbench M.Ps may influence the governments policy

Question time-backbenchers to question government ministers and priminister . can be used by opposition to embarrass ministers and put them “on the spot”

Adjournment debates– backbenchers propose a subject or debate. Can bring up topics where of a constituency nature rather than of national importance.

10 minute rule– allows backbenchers time to speak on a bill, affords the ordinary MP an opportunity to propose legislation.

Early day motion– backbenchers can propose a subject for discussion. Can be used by government backbenchers to express on opinion of the government policies.

Private members Bill– allows backbenchers to introduce legislation and thus directly participate in the decision making process. Can be used to introduce topical, nonpartisan or controversial legislation which cuts across party lines or which a government fears it will lse votes by introducing.


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