Lednum

My study blog

housing and education

Posted by lednum on November 3, 2006

This essay will look to the extent to which the South African Government has been successful n dealing with education and housing problems.

The Government introduced a number of reforms to help improve education in South Africa.  Firstly, the introduction of the South African Schools Act (1996) ensured that no state schools were racially segregated, as former white schools now took in children of all races.  In addition to the the South African Schools Act provided compulsory education for all learners between the ages of 7 and 15.  Set changes created by the Curriculum 2005 took less emphasis off the final exam to establish continual assessments throughout the school year.  In conjunction, changes were taking place for adult learners also, as significant developments in Higher education resulted in black South Africans making up 60% of university and technikon students.  This is dually to the fact that enrollment in university and technikon establishments had increased by almost 101% between 1993 and 2002.  This shows to what extent the South African Government was successful in dealing with education problems.

Furthermore, there has been some progress in education for the following reasons.  In 1994-2004, 56,000 new classrooms were built which enabled more children to attend school.  Due to this the number of children attending school rose from 10.5 million to 12 million.  However, it is maintained that there is room for improvement in an abundance of areas.  The fact that only 46% of children owned their own reading textbooks and mear 41% owned their own math books meant that there was a substantial lack of resources.  This displays to a certain degree that the South African Government has been successful in dealing with education.

On the other hand it has became apparent that the South African Government has not been so successful in dealing with housing concerns.  For instance, the Government promised to deliver 1 million new homes over a 5 year period which was perceived as unrealistic.  The enormity of this task became clear and the figure was retained but extended over a 10 year period.  Completion of this development took place in December 2000 but still maintained a housing back-lock of 3 million homes.  In addition to the prior points the newly built starter homes lacked basic amenities such as water and electricity.  These points display the theory that the South African Government has not been triumphant in dealing with housing discrepancies.

However, it can also be debated that there has been some success and progress in housing.  Evidence of this is that the percentage of households in South Africa with access to electricity has increased from 62.9% in 1995 to 78.5% in 2005.  In conjunction to this the percentage of households with access to clean water has also improved, in 1995 48.9% had access to clean water whereas in 2005 it had risen 68.3%.  Therefore this evidence suggests that the South African Government has improved housing conditions to some extent.

In conclusion it can be said that the South African Government has attempted to improve problems within education as pupil attendance has increased from 10.5 million to 12 million.  However, problems continue to exist as only 46% of children own there own reading textbook.  In addition the South African Government has also made efforts to better housing conditions as the percentage of households with access to electricity has increased from 62.9% in 1995 to 78.5% in 2005.  Despite this, problems still remain as there is a back-lock of 3 million homes needed. 

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